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The Western (Greek/Roman) calendar is based on the annual path of the sun through twelve star constellations, known as the solar year.
East Asia’s calendar is also based on the Twenty-Eight Constellations or 28 Moon Lodges, which added greater precision.
In Japan, the lunar calendar was abandoned in 1872 in favor of the solar, but even today many temples and shrines continue to use lunar dating for important festivals and events.
In the lunar calendar, the new moon (1st of the month), the half-moon of the first quarter (7th or 8th), the full moon (15th), and the half-moon of the last-quarter (22nd or 23rd), are considered sacred days and known as Today, however, the situation is more complicated, for the lunar calendar is used by some locations, while the solar calendar is used by others.
In China, where Buddhism was introduced in the 1st & 2nd centuries AD, the 12 Zodiac animals became associated with Buddhism’s 12 Heavenly Generals as early as the Sui Dynasty (581-618). To determine your exact animal sign and Buddhist patron based on the Chinese lunar calendar, see below lunar chart. Ennichi are thus days with special significance to one particular deity.The natural way of telling one constellation from another is to notice the pattern of stars in each one.It was inevitable that as time went on, people would begin to make complicated pictures out of these patterns.Its 60-year (sexagenary) cycle is still of crucial importance to modern art historians, for it helps them pinpoint the date of artwork made in earlier times.Although the Chinese Zodiac is based on a 60-year cycle, most folks only know about the 12-year cycle associated with 12 Zodiac animals.